National name:
República Dominicana

President:
Leonel Fernández (2004)

Land area:
18,680 sq mi (48,381 sq km); total area: 18,815 sq mi (48,730 sq km)

Population (2006 est.):
9,183,984 (growth rate: 1.5%); birth rate: 23.2/1000; infant mortality rate: 28.2/1000; life
expectancy: 71.7; density per sq mi: 492

Capital and largest city:
Santo Domingo, 2,851,300 (metro. area), 2,252,400 (city proper)

Other large city:
Santiago de los Caballeros, 501,800

Monetary unit:
Dominican Peso

Language:
Spanish

Ethnicity/race:
white 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%

Religion:
Roman Catholic 95%

Literacy rate:
85% (2003 est.)

Economic summary:
GDP/PPP (2005 est.): $60 billion; per capita $6,600. Real growth rate: 6.5%. Inflation:
4.3%. Unemployment: 17%. Arable land: 23%. Agriculture: sugarcane, coffee, cotton,
cocoa, tobacco, rice, beans, potatoes, corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy products, beef,
eggs. Labor force: 2.3 million to 2.6 million (2000 est); services and government
58.7%, industry 24.3%, agriculture 17% (1998 est.). Industries: tourism, sugar
processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco. Natural resources:
nickel, bauxite, gold, silver. Exports: $5.818 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): ferronickel, sugar,
gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats, consumer goods. Imports: $9.747 billion
f.o.b. (2005 est.): foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and
pharmaceuticals. Major trading partners: U.S., South Korea, Canada, Venezuela,
Colombia, Mexico (2004).

Communications:
Telephones: main lines in use: 1,101,800 (2005); mobile cellular: 3,120,400 (2005).
Radio broadcast stations: AM 120, FM 56, shortwave 4 (1998). Television broadcast
stations: 87 (2004). Internet hosts: 464,197 (2005). Internet users: 2,200,000 (2005).

Transportation: Railways: total: 1,743 km (2004). Highways: paved: 6,224 km; unpaved:
2,376 km (2005). Ports and harbors: Boca Chica, Puerto Plata, Rio Haina, Santo
Domingo. Airports: 31 (2004 est.).

International disputes:
increasing numbers of illegal migrants from the Dominican Republic cross the Mona
Passage each year to Puerto Rico to find work.
General Information